06 October, 2016
Barton, who move to Ibrox over the summer, is accused of placing the bets between 1 July and 15 September in contravention to Disciplinary Rule 31.
He has until October 12 to respond and his hearing will take place on October 27.
It comes after the Glasgow club suspended Barton for three weeks for a training ground bust up with a teammate.
Barton was initially under investigation from the SFA and Gambling Commission after allegedly betting on Celtic to suffer a heavy defeat to Barcelona in the Champions League group game at Camp Nou last month.
It is alleged the wager - for Celtic to lose by at least three goals - was placed on Barton's personal account with bookmaker Betfair.
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Steve Simonsen missed one game after he was found guilty of betting on a total of 55 games in 2015.
The SFA rules state: "A club, official, Team Official or other member of Team Staff, player, referee or other person under the jurisdiction of the Scottish FA shall not gamble in any way on a football match".
The Englishman is not the first player in Scotland to face a ban for betting.
Black was also fined £7500 and had a further seven-match ban suspended.
Barton's Rangers suspension is due to end on Monday October 10 with the 34-year-old expected to return to full training.